The question of the relationship between humans and non-humans has become a fundamental part of anthropological reflection throughout the last decades and has led to reconsider, within the framework of the so-called "ontological turn", many of the classification categories traditional of the discipline. In this paper I am interested in pointing out its incidence in the anthropology of the Andes, presenting studies that are in this line of interest, with reviews of the categories of local cosmologies, and that enter into dialogue with the theories and models proposed from reflection on ontologies. The objective is to illustrate some of the ways in which humanity is being (re) thought and the relationship of humans and non-humans in the Andes, as well as to offer a reflection on the place in which Andean anthropology is currently and the possibilities that the present moment offers for future development.